Better care for your brain and spine

Advanced tools in the hands of experienced, skilled care providers offer hope and relief for a full range of neuroscience conditions.

Whether it’s a chronic condition like headaches, movement disorders, memory challenges, spine disease and brain tumors, or an emergency like a stroke or traumatic brain injury (TBI), you can count on our expertise, compassion and commitment to helping you live your best life.

We are proud of the hundreds of neuroscience specialists on our staff at dozens of locations across North and Central Texas, all dedicated to helping neuroscience patients find the right path forward.

Recognized as one of the nation's top neuroscience programs

Specialists on the medical staff at the Baylor Scott & White Neuroscience Center in Dallas, combined with advanced technology, provide quality treatment in a caring and safe environment for patients with brain and spine conditions.

Discover our neurological treatment center

Neuroscience conditions treated

​​​​​​​​​​​​​Select a specific condition below to read detailed information about the disease, view treatment options and find a neuroscience treatment location.

ALS (Lou Gehrig's Disease)

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig's disease, is a progressive disease of the nervous system affecting more than 5,500 people in the United States annually.

Learn more about ALS treatment

Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer's disease affects approximately five million people in America. It is the most common cause of dementia, a disorder in which cognitive functions deteriorate.

Learn about Alzheimer's treatment

Back and neck care

Many people will suffer back pain and other spinal conditions during their lifetime. Learn more about our back and neck care.

Learn about spine care

Brain aneurysm

A brain aneurysm is a bulge in the wall of a brain artery. If this bulge tears and bleeds, nearby cells may be damaged. A brain aneurysm can occur in an artery wall that is weak or has a defect.

Learn about aneurysm treatment

Brain cancer

Baylor Scott & White Vasicek Cancer Treatment Center – Temple, located in Temple, Texas, offers an integrated care team for the treatment of brain and spinal cord tumors in collaboration with the Baylor Scott & White Neuroscience Institute.

Learn about cancer care


A concussion is a type of brain injury caused by a sudden impact to your head. It can also be caused by sudden movement of your brain inside your head, such as from forceful shaking.

Learn about concussion treatment


Dementia is the name for a group of brain conditions that make it harder to remember, reason and communicate. With dementia, nerve cells in the brain are gradually damaged or destroyed.

Learn about dementia treatment


Epilepsy is a neurological disorder involving recurrent seizures. It is one of the most common disorders involving the brain, affecting people regardless of age, gender or ethnicity.

Learn about epilepsy treatment

Essential tremors

Essential tremor (ET) is a nervous system disorder that causes involuntary and rhythmic shaking, known as tremors. Tremors impact different parts and different sides of the body including hands, head, voice, legs and trunk.

Learn about tremors treatment

Headache treatment

When headache pain persists despite treatment, it may be time to turn to a one of our headache experts who have specialized training in comprehensive headache care.

Learn about headache treatments


Hydrocephalus, once called "water on the brain," occurs when excess fluid builds up in the brain—most often because of an obstruction preventing proper fluid drainage.

Learn about hydrocephalus treatment

Movement disorders

Baylor Scott & White Health treats a number of movement disorders and conditions.

Learn about movement disorder treatment options

Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease of the central nervous system. It is thought to be an autoimmune disorder. Myelin, a fatty tissue that surrounds and protects the nerve fibers, is lost in multiple areas with MS.

Learn about MS treatment

Neuromuscular disorders

There are many neuromuscular disorders that require care from a neuroscience physician, including:

  • Spinal muscular atrophy
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Myasthenia gravis

Learn about treatment options

Parkinson’s disease

Parkinson's disease is a progressive brain disease characterized by the loss of dopamine cells. More than 1.5 million Americans are diagnosed with this condition.

Learn about Parkinson's treatment

Pituitary tumors

The pituitary gland is a small organ in the brain. Most pituitary tumors are not cancerous, but because of where the gland is located, many tumors will press against the optic nerves.

Learn more about pituitary tumor treatment

Skull base tumors

Tumors of the skull base can occur within various anatomic sites. If brain tumor symptoms are present, like pain at the base of the skull, you will receive a neurological exam to check vision, hearing, balance, coordination and reflexes.

Learn about tumor treatment

Stroke care

From prevention to life-saving treatment, we offer comprehensive stroke care. Many Baylor Scott & White medical centers are certified as Primary Stroke Centers by The Joint Commission.

Learn about stroke care

Traumatic brain injury

The most common causes of a traumatic brain injury (TBI) are falls, blunt accidental trauma, motor vehicle accidents and assault.

Learn about TBI treatment

Dale Riley: Spine surgery reduced my pain level to a "0"

When asked to rate his pain from zero to 10, Dale Riley needed a higher number. "It was the worst pain I ever had." An MRI revealed the source: a cyst in Dale's spinal column pushing against nerves. "I went to Baylor Scott & White Health to see what they could do."

More testing helped Dale's surgeon devise a plan. "He told me exactly how he would remove the cyst." The procedure was successful. "When I woke up, the pain was gone." After one night in the hospital, Dale rested at home—but not for long. "I got back to fishing and hunting—pain-free—in just a few weeks."

Specialized centers

NeuroHealth Institute

The Baylor Scott & White NeuroHealth Institute brings together skilled neurosurgery, neurology and pain management providers across the Austin region to diagnose and treat complex neurological conditions.

Baylor Scott & White Plummer Movement Disorders Center

The Baylor Scott & White Plummer Movement Disorders Center (PMDC) offers a variety of treatments for patients suffering from movement disorders.